Native Perennials Sun

Anise Hyssop

Agastache foeniculum

- Native perennial
- Spikes of bright blue flowers
- 2 to 3 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. Small flowers organized in dense spikes.

Bergamot (Bee Balm)

Monarda fistulosa

- Native perennial
- Lavender flower
- 2 to 4 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Commonly called Bee Balm. It has a lovely violet blossom and distinctively aromatic foliage. A favorite nectar source for butterflies, bees and hummingbirds and is deer resistant. Fresh leaves can be used to brew a minty tea.

Black-Eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 1 to 3 feet tall
- Full to part shade
- Blooming period: June - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, birds and is deer resistant. Hallmark of prairies and meadows.

Blazing Star

Liatris spicata

- Native perennial
- Lavender flower spikes
- 3 to 5 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - September
Attract butterflies, bees, birds, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. Cut flowers hold color when dried.

Blue Vervain

Verbena hastata

- Native perennial
- Blue flower
- 2 to 5 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Can offer a strong upright accent to any perennial garden or prairie. The small, tubular, blue-violet flowers bloom from the bottom up in July's heat. The numerous crowning spikes of blossoms give a candelabra-like appearance to this graceful plant. Attracts butterflies, bees and hummingbirds and is deer resistant.

Blue Wild Indigo

Baptisia australis

- Native perennial
- Bright purple flowers and textured foliage
- 3 to 4 feet tall
- Full to part sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. Stems with seed pods are used in dried flower arrangements.

Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

- Native perennial
- Flat to rounded heads of white flowers
- 4 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts bees, birds and is deer resistant.

Butterfly Weed

Asclepias tuberosa

- Native perennial
- Bright orange yellow
- 2 to 3 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - August
Attracts butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. A host plant for Monarch butterflies.

Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinals

- Native perennial
- Red flowers
- 2 to 5 feet tall
- Full or part sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Short-lived, it may require replanting every few years but it is well worth the effort.

Compass Plant

Silphium laciniatum

- Native perennial
- Yellow flowers
- 2 to 10 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, birds and is deer resistant. Thick, sharp lobed leaves orient themselves in a north-south direction. Slow growing and long-lived mature plants can have up to 100 large flowers.

Cream Wild Indigo

Baptisia bracteata

- Native Perennial
- Spikes of cream to light yellow flowers
- 2 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: May - June
Attracts butterflies, bees and is deer and animal resistant. Small flowers are organized in dense spikes.

Culver's Root

Veronicastrum virginicum

- Native perennial
- Spires of white flowers
- 3 to 6 feet tall
- Full sun to shade
- Blooming period: July - August
Attracts butterflies, bees and is deer resistant. A vertical accent that is known for its well-defined, clean lines.

Cup Plant

Silphium perfoliatum

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 3 to 10 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, birds, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. The leaves clasp the stems to form cups that catches rainwater. Provides food, water and cover for pollinators.

False Aster

Boltonia asteroides

- Native perennial
- Bright white "daisy-like" flower
- 4 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: August - October
The flower features yellow centers surrounded by narrow white ray petals that sometimes are tinged pink to purple. Their narrow gray-green leaves and sturdy stems add to the plant’s visual appeal. Attracts bees, birds and are deer resistant.

Golden Alexanders

Zizia aurea

- Native Perennial
- Yellow flowers
- 1 to 2 feet tall
- Full sun or partial shade
- Blooming period: April - July
Heart-leaf Golden Alexanders give the garden/prairie some well-deserved early color for several weeks in late Spring to early Summer when many other plants have not yet flowered. Provides pollen and nectar to bees and butterflies. Should not be confused with the similar looking Pastinaca sativa (Wild Parsnip). Attracts butterflies, bees and birds.

Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica

- Native perennial
- Flowered spike covered with deep blue flowers
- 1 to 4 feet tall
- Full or partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. Combine Blue Lobelia with Cardinal Flower for a stunning color combination.

Hairy Mountain Mint

Pycnanthemum verticillatum varpilosum

- Native perennial
- Small white to lavender flowers with subtle purple spots
- 3 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: July, August
This is one of the important natives to attract pollinators. The flowers are packed with nectar inviting bees, butterflies, birds and are deer resistant.

Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja coccinea

- Native perennial
- Red Flower
- 2 feet tall
- Full sun to partial shade
- Blooming period: May - June
A sought-after prairie beauty. This unique flower appears to have been dipped in paint, hence the name Indian Paintbrush! May and June are the typical bloom time, but because of its annual or biennial nature, you can see flowers blooming as late as October.

Ironweed

Vernonia fasciculata

- Native perennial
- Purple flowers
- 4 to 6 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies, bees and is deer resistant. This pollinator plant attracts many different pollinators in search of nectar.

Joe Pye Weed

Eupatorium maculatum

- Native perennial
- Clusters of bright pink flowers
- 4 to 6 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: August - September
Attracts butterflies and bees. It is a butterfly magnet.

Lance-leaf Coreopsis

Coreopsis lanceolata

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 2 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: May - August
Lance-leaf Coreopsis waves brightly in late spring and early summer on sunny, even hot sites with dry, sandy or poor soil. The bright yellow, daisy-like flowers are about 1 1/2" in diameter and bloom on long stems. Dead-heading spent blossoms will prolong the bloom period. Attracts bees and is deer resistant.

Large Yellow Wild Indigo

Baptisia sphaerocarpa

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 3 to 5 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - July
Slow to establish but long-lived. The beautiful large yellow blossoms of their marble-sized round seed pods distinguish this species from other Baptisias.

Lavender

L. angustifolia

- Native perennial
- Lavender-blue flower spikes
- 18 inches tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: blooms twice in a season
These outstanding flowers have a sweet fragrant aroma. Attracts bees, butterflies, birds, and is deer and rabbit resistant.

Lead Plant

Amorpha canescens

- Native perennial
- Tiny purple spiked blossoms
- 3 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - August
Attracts butterflies, bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. The branches will reach for light in partial shade conditions.

Lupine

Lupinus perennis

- Native perennial
- Purple spiked flowers, some with blue highlights
- 1 to 2 feet tall with 30 inch spike
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: May - June
Attracts butterflies, bumble bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. This is the only known food plant for caterpillars of the endangered Karner Blue butterfly. Tall, lush spikes of purple flowers.

Mallow

Malva sylvestris

- Short lived perennial
- Small purple flower
- 1 to 3 feet tall
- Full sun to part shade
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies, bees and is deer resistant. Flower color intensity may be best in full sun.

Meadow Blazing Star

Liatris ligulistylis

- Native perennial
- Beautiful purple blossoms on a spike
- 5 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: August, September
Attracts butterflies, birds and is deer resistant. It’s not uncommon to see dozens of Monarchs collecting their nectar as they prepare for their long migration South.

Obedient Plant

Physostegia virginiana

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 4 feet tall
- Full sun to partial shade
- Blooming period: August - September
Thrives in wetter soils. It is a rhizomatous plant so its root system will spread fairly quickly underground. This is a wonderful plant if you need to fill in large spots in your garden. Provides a much-needed boost of energy for pollinators facing the coming winter. Attracts bees and is deer resistant.

Ozark Bluestar

Amsonia illustris

- Native perennial
- Cluster of star-like light blue flowers
- 3 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: April, May
The flower tops the willow like foliage that stays all Summer, turning into a display of golden leaves in the Fall. This plant is deer resistant.

Pasture Thistle

Cirsium discolor

- Short-lived native perennial
- Purple flower
- 3 to 8 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: August - October
Produces a lot of late season pollen and nectar that benefits many different bees, butterflies, and moths, along with hummingbirds. Goldfinches are particularly fond of the seed. Attracts bees, butterflies, birds and insects.

Prairie Pussytoes

Antennaria neglecta

- Native perennial
- White to pink flowers with velvety leaves growing at ground level
- 4 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: April - June
These late spring flowers look like tiny cat’s feet. They may also be called Field Pussytoes. Parts of the plant are poisonous, so deer and rabbits and other small animals won’t touch them.

Prairie Sage

Artemisia ludoviciana

- Native perennial
- Cluster of yellowish disk flowers on a silver-green stem
- 3 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Prairie Sage forms dense colonies of yellow disk flowers that blooms throughout the summer. It is a host plant for American Lady and Painted Lady moths. This plant is deer resistant.

Prairie Smoke

Geum triflorum

- Native perennial
- Pink flower
- 8 inches tall
- Full sun to partial shade
- Blooming period: April - June
The silky, flowing styles of the fruiting stage of Prairie Smoke never fail to win admirers at first sight. Will spread slowly from its roots in well-drained, dry to wet-mesic soils. Has a native range from the northern tier of the U.S. through most of Canada. Attracts bees and is deer resistant.

Prairie Spiderwort

Tradescantia bracteate

- Native perennial
- Deep blue blooms open in the day and close at night
- 1 to 2 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - July
Attracts bees and is deer resistant. Low growing carpet of color early in summer.

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

- Native perennial
- Soft to bright pink
- 3 to 4 feet tall
- Full or partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts butterflies, bees, birds, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. Perfect plant for small gardens and large meadows.

Purple Milkweed

Asclepias purpurascens

- Native perennial
- Rich red-purple colored flowers
- 3 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June, July
The flower attracts a variety of nectar-seeking insects, bees, and butterflies. The leaves are big, and they taper to a point. This plant is deer resistant.

Purple Prairie Clover

Dalea purpurea

- Native perennial
- Has a thimble-shaped flower arrangement
- 2 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
The flower blooms from the bottom to the top. Attracts a number of pollinators, Rusty Patched and other bees, birds, and is deer resistant.

Queen of the Prairie

Filipendula rubra

- Native perennial
- Pink flower
- 4 to 5 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: June - August
Known for its beautiful spray-like clusters of pink flowers that make it an impressive addition to your garden. The leaves are large and deeply lobed on zigzag stems. Attracts birds and butterflies and is deer resistant.

Rattlesnake Master

Eryngium yuccifolium

- Native perennial
- Has leaves of a yucca and "golf ball" flowers
- 3 to 5 feet tall
- Full sun
Blooming period: June - August
Attracts butterflies, bees and is deer resistant. An excellent focal point in the garden.

Red Bee Balm

Monarda didyma

- Native perennial
- Red blooms
- 3 to 5 feet tall
- Full sun to shade
- Blooming period: June - August
Attracts bees, hummingbirds and is deer resistant. A pollinator favorite; especially attractive to hummingbirds.

Rose Mallow

Hibiscus laevis

- Native perennial
- Light pink flower darkening towards the center
- 5 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Large, lovely and plentiful blossoms that are associated with its more tropical cousin. Loves the heat of the summer. Attracts birds and is deer resistant.

Rose Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata

- Native perennial
- Pink flower
- 3 to 5 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: June - August
Also commonly called Red Milkweed, Marsh Milkweed, or Swamp Milkweed. It has a lovely vanilla fragrance coming from the large rosy pink flowers. It is a Monarch caterpillar food source. Grows best in moist soil but will tolerate average soils and blooms for about a month Mid-Summer. Attracts butterflies, bees and hummingbirds and is deer resistant.

Royal Catchfly

Silene regia

- Native perennial
- Scarlet trumpeting flower
- 4 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: June - August
This plant is rarely seen in the wild due to habitat loss. The flower attracts hummingbirds, birds and bees. Smaller insects fall prey to the “catch” part of this plant; the stem and leaves are sticky.

Showy Goldenrod

Solidago speciosa

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 3 to 5 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: September - November
Tends to bloom a little later than most Goldenrods. It is one of the showiest of the genus with a feathery plume comprised of a dense clump of pale yellow to deep yellow flowers atop an attractive red stem. Attracts butterflies, bees and hummingbirds and is deer resistant.

Shrubby St. John's Wort

Hypericum prolificum

- Native perennial
- Yellow flower
- 5 feet tall
- Full sun to partial shade
- Blooming period: July - September
This shrub will naturally form a round-bush appearance but can be pruned early spring for a more mounded shape. An absolute bee magnet. Bumblebees are especially fond of the bright yellow flowers. Able to grow under just about any soil condition. Attracts bees and is resistant to deer and rabbits.

Sky Blue Aster

Aster azureus

- Native perennial
- Light purple flower
- 2 to 3 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: August - October
Attracts butterflies, bees and birds. This bright showy Aster is covered with brilliant blue blooms.

Smooth Blue Asters

Symphyotrichum laeve

- Native perennial
- Daisy-like blue-purple pedals surrounding a yellow center
- 4 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: August - October
Similar to the Sky Blue Aster. Has rough leaves. Stands tall during its long late Summer to mid Fall bloom. Attracts bees and birds.

Tall Coreopsis

Coreopsis tripteris

- Native perennial
- Flowers comprised a disk of yellow, deepening to purple red towards the center
- 7 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: July - October
Also called Tickseed, this perennial attracts bees, birds and is deer resistant.

Verbena Buenos Aires

Verbena bonariesis

- Native perennial
- Small purple flowers on spikes
- 3 to 6 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: Summer, Autumn
A tall and slender stemmed perennial that displays rich lilac flowers in tight clusters atop long stems that sway gracefully in the Summer breeze. Easy “no care” plant that does not require staking. Great for cut flowers. Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.

White Prairie Clover

Dalea candida

- Native perennial
- Cream with pinkish throat flower
- 4 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: August, September
Odorless flowers form round, dense clusters. The leaves are covered with soft hairs that impart a silvery appearance.

White Turtlehead

Chelone glabra

- Native perennial
- Cream, white flower
- 2 to 4 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Named for its pretty white blossoms which resemble a turtle head poking out from its shell. Its nectar attracts butterflies, bumblebees and ruby-throated hummingbirds. They make a good choice for border and wet meadow plantings and will provide for a late summer bloom. Attracts butterflies, bees and birds and is deer resistant.

White Wild Indigo

Baptisia alba

- Native perennial
- Spikes of cream flowers
- 4 feet tall
- Full to partial sun
- Blooming period: June, July
Attracts butterflies, birds, bees and is deer and animal resistant. Small flowers are organized in dense spikes.

Wild Senna

Senna hebecarpa

- Native perennial
- Lovely bright yellow flowers
- 5 feet tall
- Full and partial sun
- Blooming period: July, August
A great choice for gardens or restoration projects. Attracts many birds, bees and butterflies. Autumn brings beautiful leaf colors and the formation of long black pods with seeds that is favored by larger birds like wild turkeys.

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

- Native perennial
- Yellow
- 18 to 36 inches tall
- Full or part shade
- Blooming period: June - September
Attracts bees and is deer resistant. Yarrow is an herb that is beneficial to pollinators.

Yellow Coneflower

Ratibida pinnata

- Native perennial
- Bright yellow flower, dropping petals
- 3 to 6 feet tall
- Full sun
- Blooming period: July - September
Attracts bees, birds and is deer resistant. Produces a cornucopia of bright yellow flowers in the heat of mid-summer.